The leather is a durable and flexible material created by animal skin cattle majorly. The leather is used to make various products-including clothing (jackets, skirts, trousers), leather shoes, leather belts. What’s more, leather is used for many other purposes such as bookbinding, wallpapers, and as a furniture covering.
There is pleather of types and styles in which leather is produced using different techniques.
Did you know? That among all the goods produced with leather, Shoe is the product which is produced majorly from leather. Having said that, different types leather is used to make different types of leather shoes. Quality of a leather shoe depends upon the type of the leather used to prepare it, by this I mean that different types of leather shoes are prepared using different types of leather.
Which leather type is to be used depends on the certain range of thickness of the leather.
LEATHER TYPES USED IN MAKING SHOES
The most preferred leather used for shoes is calfskin leather. This leather type comes from calf, it has a tighter grain and fiber. Moreover, it is thinner and lighter than cow’s skin. This property of calfskin leather makes the shoes better in every possible way.
Here is an example of calfskin shoes
HERE ARE SOME OTHER TYPES OF LEATHER
- Cordovan Shell (from Horse)
- Kidskin (from Goat)
- Pigskin (from pig)
Above mentioned are the most common types of animals used to get leather to make shoes out of it.
TYPES OF ANIMALS WHOSE SKIN GIVES US LEATHER
Did you know, that reptiles skin tends to last longer and need less care compared to animal leather, But they are pricey than the animal skin
Parts where leather is used most
- The Outsole (Part touches the ground)
- The Insole (Part where foot rests on)
- The lining (Layer between your foot and the upper part of the shoe)
- The heel
- The upper part of shoe
Man started making shoes over five thousand years ago with the deer skin to cover their feet from winters, but we have come a long way since then. However, the medium to get leather and the purpose or leather shoes hasn’t been changed.
KNOW YOUR SHOE’S LEATHER
This leather type has the rough flesh on the outside of the shoe and the soft surface on the inside. This type of leather is mostly preferred by those having rough and tough daily activities. It is known to take a lot of abuse.
- Scotch Grain Leather
Scotch grain, also known as Pebble grain, was developed in Scotland. Due to its hardy finish, scotch grain leather is considered to be more weather resistant than other leathers and this quality of it made this a common choice for casual English shoes.
- Patent Leather
Patent leather is more glassy than calfskin leather (as the picture explains it very well). The finishing process on Patent leather was adapted by Japanese Lacquering methods in the early 1800s to create slick exterior, Nowadays we generally use plastics.
Patent leather is, by far, considered to be the most preferable leather for formal shoes.
- Shell Cordovan
Shell cordovan is one of the rarest and hardest wearing shoes materials on the planet. This kind of leather is prepared from the horse skin and is water and stretch resistant. A shoe prepared from this leather can last for several decades if treated properly.
Often called as “Shammy Leather”, Chamois is known for its softness and water absorbency. In shoes, it’s penchant for moisture is usually offset by a heavy dose of wax and oils. This makes chamois a hardwearing option that also doesn’t require shining.