The leather is a durable and flexible material created by animal skin cattle majorly. The leather is used to make various products-including clothing (jackets, skirts, trousers), leather shoes, leather belts. What’s more, leather is used for many other purposes such as bookbinding, wallpapers, and as a furniture covering.

There is pleather of types and styles in which leather is produced using different techniques.

Did you know? That among all the goods produced with leather, Shoe is the product which is produced majorly from leather. Having said that, different types leather is used to make different types of leather shoes. Quality of a leather shoe depends upon the type of the leather used to prepare it, by this I mean that different types of leather shoes are prepared using different types of leather.

Which leather type is to be used depends on the certain range of thickness of the leather.


The most preferred leather used for shoes is calfskin leather. This leather type comes from calf, it has a tighter grain and fiber. Moreover, it is thinner and lighter than cow’s skin. This property of calfskin leather makes the shoes better in every possible way.

Here is an example of calfskin shoes



  • Cordovan Shell (from Horse)
  • Kidskin (from Goat)
  • Pigskin (from pig)


Above mentioned are the most common types of animals used to get leather to make shoes out of it.




  • Buffalo
  • Elephant
  • Kangaroo
  • Ostrich
  • Alligator
  • Crocodile
  • Lizard
  • Snake


Did you know, that reptiles skin tends to last longer and need less care compared to animal leather, But they are pricey than the animal skin


Parts where leather is used most

  • The Outsole (Part touches the ground)
  • The Insole (Part where foot rests on)
  • The lining (Layer between your foot and the upper part of the shoe)
  • The heel
  • The upper part of shoe



Man started making shoes over five thousand years ago with the deer skin to cover their feet from winters, but we have come a long way since then. However, the medium to get leather and the purpose or leather shoes hasn’t been changed.



  1. Roughout


This leather type has the rough flesh on the outside of the shoe and the soft surface on the inside. This type of leather is mostly preferred by those having rough and tough daily activities. It is known to take a lot of abuse.


  1. Scotch Grain Leather


Scotch grain, also known as Pebble grain, was developed in Scotland. Due to its hardy finish, scotch grain leather is considered to be more weather resistant than other leathers and this quality of it made this a common choice for casual English shoes.


  1. Patent Leather


Patent leather is more glassy than calfskin leather (as the picture explains it very well). The finishing process on Patent leather was adapted by Japanese Lacquering methods in the early 1800s to create slick exterior, Nowadays we generally use plastics.


Patent leather is, by far, considered to be the most preferable leather for formal shoes.


  1. Shell Cordovan


Shell cordovan is one of the rarest and hardest wearing shoes materials on the planet. This kind of leather is prepared from the horse skin and is water and stretch resistant. A shoe prepared from this leather can last for several decades if treated properly.


  1. Chamois


Often called as “Shammy Leather”, Chamois is known for its softness and water absorbency.  In shoes, it’s penchant for moisture is usually offset by a heavy dose of wax and oils. This makes chamois a hardwearing option that also doesn’t require shining.


Tzaro Men’s Leather Driving Shoes Experience

Well I have to travel a lot as I have passion for driving and thankfully my job is of outdoor sales. My daily schedule includes a minimum of 4-5 hours of driving around the city. Apart from frustration at jammed roads and long halts at red lights. I used to get miffed about the discomfort I had to face  because of the shoes I used to wear. Earlier this problem wasn’t big enough but later it turned in to an unbearable discomfort. My feet started swelling and the sweat in the peak summer used to take the discomfort a whole new level. I earlier thought that it was probably because of long daily driving.

One day this problem took over my nerves and I decided to find a permanent solution to this issue. I am internet savvy too and I decided to checkout internet for solution to this issue. I started off my search by finding people from Delhi NCR who travel around a lot but initially I could not find a perfect solution to it.


While browsing around my eyes landed over an ad that said Leather Driving Shoes. The moment I saw the ad I immediately realized that the problem is not with the amount of driving that I do everyday, it actually is with my shoes. I clicked on the ad and decided to further explore. To my amazement I found that a driving shoe is specially designed for driving comfort. It has a curvy end sole to provide comfort while switching clutch and brake paddle. Driving Shoes also have air passage space to keep the feet cool.

I decided to give it a try, I was on the website of Tzaro brand. I hadn’t heard of this brand earlier but their designs looked quite classy. I checked out their other collections and found their products rightly priced as per the designs. I immediately placed my order with cash on delivery option. Within 3 working days I received my parcel and the moment I held the box in my hand I knew I am up for a true delight.

The shoes were lightweight and looked even better than what I saw on the website. I started using those shoes in my daily routine and its been over 4 months since I am wearing them. The comfort that I feel while driving now a days is difficult to describe in words. I have purchased another pair of driving loafers and they too looked stylish for outdoors.

Tzaro driving shoes are probably the best leather shoes available in the market. Though the brand is still not known much but I am sure they will make a mark in the market if they continue offering such genuine leather quality with stylish designs.


Fiber optic cables are one of a kind of telecommunication equipment which transmit data like others. What different fiber optic cables have is that its speed and the mode it uses to get the data travel. Fiber optic cables carry communication signals using pulses of light generated by small lasers and LEDs.

He ‘trans’ in which data is transferred are typically smaller in diameter than a human hair.  The center of each strand is called the core, which provides the pathway for light to travel. The core is encompassed by a layer of glass called cladding that reflects light inwards to maintain a strategic distance from loss of flag and enable the light to go through curves in the link.



Following are list of manufacturers who construct the fiber optic cable.

  1. E-Systemizer– E-Systemizers manufacture the Fiber Optic Telecom and Networking products and provide all sort of solutions to meet the customer’s requirement. The ISO certification for E-Systemizers adds more credibility, by representing that our product or service meets the expectations of our customers. We are operating from Delhi office with the highly-qualified, expert and dedicated engineers and technicians. Our aim is to provide the best quality products with innovation and state-of-the-art initiative in the field of the latest technology.

E-systemizer has started dealing online post-2014, prior to that they were just operating offline and they have quite a goodwill. Their online work is also going great and they provide wonderful services as well.

They have their head office established at Sonipat, Haryana. However, they operated from Delhi as well.

9.RPG Cables– RPG cables are well known as a manufacturer of cables. They were established in the year 1959 having their headquarter in Mumbai, Maharashtra. RPG also have its branches in Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Banglore, Hyderabad, Pune, and Baroda.

Their manufacturing units are placed at Vadodara, Silvassa, and Mysore. They have more than 1000 working employees employed. RPGhave a dealer network spread across the country and consistently expanding the network through new partners. Over 20% of their business is through exports.

You can visit the website for more info.

8.SHILPI CABLE TECHNOLOGIES LTD.– This is also a very good name when it comes to talking about fiber optic cable manufacturer. They manage to get a profit around 27 cr. Every year.

The company established in 2006, operating from Delhi and its headquarter at the same place. Shilpi Cable technology has its 2 units in Bhiwadi Rajasthan and each in Mathigiri, Aurangabad, Bahadurgarh.

Please visit their website for more info.

  1. GUPTA POWER INFRASTRUCTURE LTD.-They were established in the year 1961. One of their recent development is fire survival cables for power cable segment. It’s headquarter is located in Bhubaneswar, Orrisa.

Gupta power infrastructure has its register office in Kolkata and marketing offices at Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and few more cities.

They have 500 employees employed and installed capacity of  1,44,000kmsof cables per month. This company believes in working together that’s why they have many joint ventures, one of them is with Mercury Cables, USA towards manufacturing specialized HVCRC conductors, an innovation slated to change the face of power transmission for the better.

  1. KEI INDUSTRIES LTD.- Established in the year 1968, headquarter is in New Delhi. Their recent developments are mentioned on their website. They have quite a good turnover as well, say more than 1500cr.

KEI have its manufacturing units at Bhiwadi, Chopanki, and Silvassa.

You can visit their website for more info.



  1. DIAMOND POWER INFRASTRUCTURE LTD.-Established in the year 1970. They have their headquarter in Vadodara, Gujarat.

Diamond power also has its branches registered at Mumbai, Delhi, Surat, Banglore, Ahmedabad, Indore, Chennai and also have three manufacturing units in Vadodara.

They have employees strength of about 2000. The number of new developments mentioned on the website.

  1. RR KABEL- Established in the year 1995.

Headquarter is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The Company has added a larger size of cable in Copper and Aluminum as their new development.

RR Kabel has 2 of its manufacturing units at Silvassa and 1 is in Vadodara.

The number of employees employed are 1050.

  1. HAVELLS INDIA LTD.- This is famous one among all I guess, coz we all must have seen the advertisement. It is established in the year 1971. Its headquarter is in Noida, UP.

Havells have its 11 plants located at Haridwar, Baddi, Noida, Sahibabad, Faridabad, Alwar, Neemrana and 7 world class manufacturing plants located in Europe, Latin, America, Africa, and China.

This is a very big brand which has employees strength about 65000 in over 50 countries.

2.FINOLEX CABLES LTD.Established in the year 1958 and have it’s headquartered in Pune, Maharashtra. Moreover, they have their 25 branches across India.

Finolex has its 10 manufacturing units place at Pimpri, Urse, Verna, Roorkee. They have employees strength of about 2000.


This is a renowned company in the field of optical fiber cable manufacturing. There are much more things to it please visit the website.


  1. POLYCAB WIRES LTD. – This is the greatest name among all above mentioned. They were established in the year 1968 and its headquarter is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Polycab has its branches as well, in Delhi, Chandigarh, Noida, Lucknow, Jaipur, Guwahati, Kolkata, Orissa, Patna, Ranchi, Ahmedabad, Indore, Pune, Raipur, Bangalore, Chennai, Kochi, Secunderabad.


They have about 16 manufacturing with the employee strength of 7,968.


Polycab is also interested in the joint ventures but hasn’t been into one yet.


It’s 2013-14 net worth is about 1,362.1 cr.


You can visit the website for more info.


So, this is the list with largest manufacturers of Fiber optic cables in India.